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考研英语阅读理解作者态度题

时间:2019-08-01     来源:     作者:育明教育郭老师      点击量:109

第三讲

考研阅读思路—— 作者态度题

题干标志词为 attitude,tone 等

解题思路:把握文章脉络对于作者态度题同样重要,作者对某事物或观点的态度往往贯穿全

文。态度题与主题题考察的是考生理解文章整体内涵的能力,而并非文章某一细节。

在此基础上,解题应注意几点: ①自己的观点暂且抛弃 ② 注意文章中含有褒贬意义的词 ③

选项中带有折中意味的表程度的词近年来有作为正确选项的趋势,如 reserved, qualified ④态

度漠然的选项一般排除,如 indifferent, uninterested ⑤转折之后往往出现作者态度

Example 1: :

Am I suggesting that we should return to the preindustrial mode of production or to

nineteenth-century “free enterprise” capitalism? Certainly not. Problems are never solved by

returning to a stage which one has already outgrown. I suggest transforming our social system

from a bureaucratically managed industrialism in which maximal production and consumption are

ends in themselves into a humanist industrialism in which man and full development of his

potentialities -- those of love and of reason -- are the aims of all social arrangements. Production

and consumption should serve only as means to this end, and should be prevented from ruling man.

(1993 年 text 2)

40. The author’s attitude towards industrialism might best be summarized as one of

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________.

[A] approval

[B] dissatisfaction

[C] suspicion

[D] tolerance

Example 2

Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death -- probably by a deadly

injection or pill -- to put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by

two doctors. After a “cooling off” period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request.

After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For Lloyd Nickson, a 54 year old Darwin resident

suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Terminally III law means he can get on with living

without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifying death from his breathing condition. “I’m not

afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I’d go, because

I’ve watched people die in the hospital fighting for oxygen and clawing at their masks,” he says.

54. The author’s attitude towards euthanasia seems to be that of ________.

[A] opposition

[B] suspicion

[C] approval

[D] indifference

语 【考研英语 2006  年真题】 Text 1

In spite of “endless talk of difference” , American society is an amazing machine for

homogenizing people. There is “the democratizing uniformity of dress and discourse,and the

casualness and absence of deference” characteristic of popular culture. People are absorbed into “a

culture of consumption” launched by the 19th——century department stores that offered “vast

arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere. Instead of intimate shops catering to a knowledgeable

elite,” these were stores “anyone could enter, regardless of class or background. This turned

shopping into a public and democratic act.” The mass media, advertising and sports are other

forces for homogenization.

Immigrants are quickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogether elevating

but is hardly poisonous. Writing for the National Immigration Forum, Gregory Rodriguez reports

that today's immigration is neither at unprecedented levels nor resistant to assimilation. In 1998

immigrants were 9.8 percent of population; in 1900, 13.6 percent .In the 10 years prior to 1990,

3.1 immigrants arrived for every 1,000 residents; in the 10 years prior to 1890, 9.2 for every 1,

000. Now, consider three indices of assimilation–language, home ownership and intermarriage.

The 1990 Census revealed that “a majority of immigrants from each of the fifteen most common

countries of origin spoke English “well” or “very well” after ten years of residence.” The children

of immigrants tend to be bilingual and proficient in English. “By the third generation, the original

language is lost in the majority of immigrant families.” Hence the description of America as a

“graveyard” for languages. By 1996 foreign–born immigrants who had arrived before 1970 had a

homeownership rate of 75.6 percent, higher than the 69.8 percent rate among native-born

Americans.

Foreign-born Asians and Hispanics “have higher rates of intermarriage than do U.S–born whites

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and blacks.” By the third generation, one third of Hispanic women are married to non-Hispanics,

and 41 percent ofAsian–American women are married to non-Asians.

Rodriguez notes that children in remote villages around the world are fans of superstars like

Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks, yet “some Americans fear that immigrant living within

the United States remain somehow immune to the nation’s assimilative power.”

Are there divisive issues and pockets of seething anger in America? Indeed. It is big enough to

have a bit of everything. But particularly when viewed against America‘s turbulent past, today’s

social induces hardly suggest a dark and deteriorating social environment.

21 The word “homogenizing” (Line 2 , paragraph 1) most probably means—

Aidentifying B associating C assimilating D monopolizing

22According to the author, the department stores of the 19 th century____

Aplayed a role in the spread of popular culture

B became intimate shops for common consumers

C satisfied the needs of a knowledgeable elite

D owed its emergence to the culture of consumption

23 The text suggests that immigrants now in the U.S____

Aare resistant to homogenization

B exert a great influence onAmerican culture

C are hardly a threat to the common culture

D constitute the majority of the population

24 why areArnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks mentioned in Para 5?

ATo prove their popularity around the world

B To reveal the public’s fear of immigrants

C To give examples of successful immigrants

D To show the powerful influence ofAmerican culture

25 In the author’s opinion ,the absorption of immigrants into American society is

[A] rewarding [B] successful. [C] fruitless. [D] harmful.

2007 年 年

Such standardized tests may not assess all the important elements necessary to succeed in school

and in life, argues Robert J. Sternberg. In his article “How Intelligent Is Intelligence Testing?”.

Sternberg notes that traditional tests best assess analytical and verbal skills but fail to measure

creativity and practical knowledge, components also critical to problem solving and life success.

Moreover, IQ tests do not necessarily predict so well once populations or situations change.

Research has found that IQ predicted leadership sills when the tests were given under low-stress

conditions, but under high-stress conditions, IQ was negatively correlated with leadership-that is,

it predicted the opposite. Anyone who has toiled through SAT will testify that test-taking skill also

matters, whether it‘s knowing when to guess or what questions to skip.

30. What is the author's attitude towards IQ test?

[A] Supportive [B] Skeptical [C] Impartial [D] Biased

2012 年 年

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Far less certain, however, is how successfully experts and bureaucrats can select our peer groups

and steer their activities in virtuous directions. It’s like the teacher who breaks up the

troublemakers in the back row by pairing them with better-behaved classmates. The tactic never

really works. And that’s the problem with a social cure engineered from the outside: in the real

world, as in school, we insist on choosing our own friends.

25. The author suggests in the last paragraph that the effect of peer pressure is ________.

[A] harmful [B] desirable [C] profound [D] questionable


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